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(Sioux) Literature

"The frog does not drink up the pond in which he lives.
There can never bepeace between nations until it is first known
that true peace is within the souls of men. We will be known forever
by the tracks we leave."

"Friends, with all manner of difficulties
I have been pursued. These I fear not. Still alive I am."

Dakhota Council Song

"-khota" means "friends" or Allies,
which is the name of all 3 (Da, La,and Na).

Original Seven Council Fires

Mdewakantonwan, Spirit Lake People
Wahpekute, Shooters among the Leaves
Sisseton, People of the Fish Ground (Sisseton)
Wahpetonwan, Dwellers among the Leaves (Wahpeton)
Ihanktonwana, Little Dwellers of the End (Yanktonais)
Ihanktonwan, Dwellers of the End (village)(Yankton)
Tetonwan, Dwellers on the Plains (Teton)

The Nakhota are very much alive and well,
because I have heard from two of them:

Lee Crowchild

Steve Fourstar

who have made it quite clear to that effect.
(My deepest apologies to them for implying that the Nakhota people
no longer existed.)

The French traders referred to the Nakhota as the "Assiniboine".

The Dakhota are more easterly, and the "L" sound of their dialect is more like a "d". Those members living in Minnesota are all Dakhota. Lakhota are more westerly and survive in much greater numbers.

In general, Dakhota/Nakhota (easterly) are the woodland and Lakhota the Plains peoples, so just as there are big differences in those environments and life there, there are big differences in culture and lifeways.

After the so-called "great (Sioux) uprising of 1867) the eastern people merged with the Lakhota of South Dakota and Nebraska. The 4 very small plots of land (Upper, Lower, Shakopee, Prairie Island) were essentially farms that were "awarded" to Dakhota scouts. Later a few others came back to those small patches from the Nebraska Santee Dakhota. These people tended to be or soon become rather acculturated, in comparison to the much larger groups who remained on isolated Badland camps in South Dakota.

The "D/L/N" sound-difference is not really a present method of dividing the larger group of "Lakhota" people from the two smaller ones. The history of the three divisions is the main difference.


Mysterious Butte

Hermit, or The Gift of Corn
Legend of Standing Rock
Legend of the Thunder God
Origin of the Lakhota Peace Pipe
Origin of the Prairie Rose
(Sioux) Who Wrestled With A Ghost
Sun Dance Mountain
Teton Ghost Story

Great Lakhota Leaders

Black Elk
Crazy Horse
Standing Bear
Sitting Bull
Red Cloud

Greg McGaa Hakikte Narjin Jordan (Sicanju)
Great-great-great grandsons of Red Cloud

Gilbert Walking Bull
Descendant of Crazy Horse

Michael B. Davis, Joseph Brown Thunder
Great-great grandsons of American Horse

Chief Hollow Horn Bear

Seth Hollow Horn Bear,
great-grandson of Chief Hollow Horn Bear

Three Noted Chiefs of the (Sioux)

and to a special friend and brother, Crow Dancing
and his beautiful home page, The Black-Feathered Nest.
Also Cal Thunder Hawk - Lakhota Artist

Other Lakhota Pages

Art of the Lakhota (Sioux)
Lakhota Language Survey
Lakhota (Sioux)
Lakota Links
Lakhota Wowapi Oti Kin
(Lakhota Home Page)

Last Ghost Dance
Myths and Legends of the Sioux
Oglala, Lakhota (Sioux) Tribe
Overview of the Great Lakhota (Sioux) Nation
Rosebud Lakhota Sioux Tribe
Powwows - Lakhota (Sioux)
Lakhota (Sioux) Heritage
Lakhota (Sioux) Tribe's Home Page
(Sisseton Wahpeton)


"Singing, I send a voice as I walk,
Singing, I send a voice as I walk,
A sacred hoop I wear as I walk."

Song of the Running Elk, Lakhota

"My paw is Sacred, the herbs are everywhere.
My paw is Sacred, all things are Sacred."

Song of the Lakhota Bear Doctors

Lakhota Prayer

Grandfather Great Spirit
All over the world
the faces of living ones are alike.

With tenderness they have
come up out of the ground.

Look upon your children that they may
face the winds and walk the good road to
the Day of Quiet.

Grandfather Great Spirit
Fill us with the Light.
Give us the strength to understand,
and the eyes to see.

Teach us to walk the soft Earth
as relatives to all that live.


"Buffalo Nation, The People are depending upon you, so
we pray you will be healthy."
"I have attended dinners among white people.
Their ways are not our ways."

"We eat in silence, quietly smoke a pipe, and depart.
Thus is our host honored."

"This is not the way of the white man. After his food has been eaten,
one is expected to say foolish things. Then the host feels honored."

Four Guns, Oglala, Lakhota

"Children are our greatest treasure.
The new generation coming up.
We won't disappear. We shall live!"

Pete Catches, Oglala, Lakhota

"The reason Wakan Tanka does not make two birds or animals or
human beings exactly alike is because each is placed here by
Wakan Tanka to be an individual and to rely on itself."

Shooter, Teton

"Tell your people that since the Great father promised that we should
never be removed, we have been moved five times.
I think you had better
put the Indians on wheels and you can run
them about wherever you wish."

White Bull

"We are all poor because we are honest."

Red Dog, Oglala, Lakhota

Are we then to give up their sacred graves
to be plowed for corn.
Dakhotas, I am for war."

Mahpiua Luta, Oglala, Lakhota

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Your Indian Ancestry
Beginners Lesson in Genealogy

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The Indigenous Peoples' Literature pages were researched and organized by Glenn Welker.